Monday, December 12, 2016

Danish Refugee Council,ReDSS Durable Solutions Framework: Tanzania case study

Closing date: 14 Dec 2016
In 1972, more than 200,000 Burundian refugees fled from the Hutu massacre into Tanzania and have since lived in three designated settlements in western Tanzania, known as the Old Settlements, for over 30 years.[1] Thi
s refugee population is distinct from refugees who arrived later and were hosted in refugee camps in northwest Tanzania. In 2007, the Government of Tanzania, in collaboration with UNHCR, adopted the Comprehensive Durable Solutions Strategy for the 1972 Burundian Refugees in Tanzania (TANCOSS). The TANCOSS is based on three pillars: assisted voluntary repatriation; application for naturalization in Tanzania; and final local integration of those accepted for naturalization. The first two pillars resulted respectively in the repatriation of over 50,000 and the naturalization of over 160,000 refugees. However, the government plans to relocate the newly naturalized Tanzanians to various regions of the country and issue them with certificates of citizenship run into roadblocks and resistance from host communities. The plan was then put on hold in 2011. Despite this challenges, the government of Tanzania remained committed to issue citizenship certificates to the new citizens and by March 2015, 149,630 people had received Tanzanian citizenship certificates. Efforts to issue more people with citizenship certificates are currently ongoing in three settlements (Katumba, Mishamo and Ulyankulu) in Katavi and Tabora Regions in western and central Tanzania, where majority of the more than 162,000 new Tanzanian citizens reside. Presently, the Government, with the support of UNHCR and the World Bank, is in final stages of developing a Local Integration Strategy for the final integration of approximately 200,000 naturalized former refugees.[2]
Despite the recognized importance of this unique case of de jure integration in the East African region, it remains paramount to continuously assess the extent to which local integration has been achieved for the newly naturalized Tanzanians, in comparison to the host communities, in order to identify gaps and areas of prioritization for both government and other stakeholders including development and humanitarian actors.
ReDSS seeks to examine the conditions for durable solutions for displaced persons in East and Horn of Africa, and to highlight the important roles and contributions of the various sectors (humanitarian, development, human rights and peace-building) in creating favourable conditions in the search for durable solutions. Affirming that the three solutions (voluntary repatriation, local (re)integration or resettlement elsewhere)[3] are processes, ReDSS operationalized the IASC framework on durable solutions for IDPs to develop the ReDSS Solutions framework for displacement affected communities. It comprises the 8 IASC criteria using 30 IASC indicators organized around physical, material and legal safety. The ReDSS framework is a rapid assessment tool that offers a snapshot in time to assess to what extent durable solutions for displaced populations have been achieved in a particular context.
A traffic light system has been developed to assess the status of each indicator. The traffic light provides a comparative assessment of conditions between the displaced and the host community. The framework can be used as an analytical and programmatic tool and as a joint monitoring and evaluation tool to support coordination and identify gaps and needs of displacement affected communities. It provides common overall outcomes (minimum skeleton) and then detailed activities based on the result will be developed and adapted to the local context. The objective is to improve and standardize the generation and availability of relevant data and analysis to better and more consistently operationalize joint response plans based on evidence in the search of durable solution in East Africa. The process is guided by the 9 IASC principles[4].
Consultancy objective
Regional Durable Solutions Secretariat seeks to commission a consultant to conduct a detailed study based on the ReDSS framework to assess the extent to which local integration has been achieved by the newly naturalized Tanzanians. The study will focus on the old Burundi caseload, both those that have been naturalized and those in the process of naturalization, regardless of whether they have been issued with Tanzanian citizenship certificates.
Specific objectives
  • Apply the ReDSS framework to the context of local integration of the Burundi refugee caseload of 1972 currently newly naturalized and settling in Katumba, Mishamo and Ulyankulu settlements
  • adopt the traffic light system as rating system for the indicators to show level of achievement of local integration
  • Identify strategies for advancing local integration as well as key actors to advance programming or monitoring of key indicators
  • In the above visualize differences between ‘de jure’ and ‘de facto’ local integration situations
  • Identify knowledge gaps and issues where research is needed to establish an understanding or baseline
The data collected will be based on the ReDSSSolutions framework, looking at physical, material and legal safety of the newly naturalized Tanzanians, in comparison to the host communities. Data should be, to the extent of possible, disaggregated by age, gender, and other potential diversity factors.
The methodology will include:
(i) Desk review to inform an analysis of solutions ‘drivers’ and ‘hinders’ (larger political factors/will; participation of development actors, communities engagement (including host), etc.).
(ii) Key informant interviews with all relevant stakeholders operational in and around the settlement areas in Katumba, Mishamo and Ulyankulu, including UNHCR, government actors, development actors, INGOs, local NGOs and the affected communities including host communities. This will include validation workshop with all actors and focus group discussions as necessary.
See below some suggested questions that will be further developed and refined by the consultant while starting KIIs.
  • What is the current legal, political and socio-economic context around local integration in Tanzania?
  • What are the integration options, in the areas of settlement? What are the risks and opportunities based on the options? (Absorption capacity, existing refugee caseloads, access to services; security, employment and livelihoods/ market analysis, urban/ rural, HLP, protection, education, WASH…)
  • What is the perception and engagement of host communities?
  • What is the general integration status of the 1972 Burundi refugee caseload as compared to newer caseloads?
  • What can be learnt from the government naturalization process so far how to ensure close coordination with ongoing initiatives that support local integration?
  • How can stakeholders’ best collectively support and invest in solutions planning and programing at all level, including in urban areas? What are the different roles and responsibilities of the different stakeholders?
The process must be viewed as a collective action in the search for durable solutions rather than mandate driven - the common goal being to ensure full integration of the naturalized ‘formerly Burundi refugees’. This will be based on a very participatory and consensus building approach. The consultant will ensure a people centered approach so data and evidence will be collected and analyzed together with the newly naturalized and host communities.
2 Validation workshops will be organized at regional and national levels with representatives of both national and local authorities and partners to collectively agree on gaps and priorities to support local integration.
Expected deliverables
  • Inception report outlining the methodology, preliminary findings, study report outline and assessment tool for the study;
  • 1st draft of a 20-30 page narrative/report;
  • 2nd draft of the narrative incorporating comments from ReDSS;
  • A professionally edited Tanzania Solutions Framework focused on the newly naturalized Burundi caseload
  • Key Informants interview transcripts and analysis
  • 2 validation workshops (regional and national)
  • launch of the report in Tanzania
Management and timeframe
The consultant will report to ReDSS Coordinator and be guided by a steering committee. The study will be conducted in a period of 40 consultancy days.
DRCs responsibilities
DRC will:
  • Provide relevant background information, and contact of relevant people
  • Provide transportation of the consultant as mutually agreed between ReDSS and the consultant
  • Provide for accommodation and meals for the consultant in the field
Requirements and qualifications
  • An advanced degree in Law, Social Sciences, Forced Migration or any other related area of study
  • Minimum 7 years’ proven experience in conducting similar assignments
  • Demonstrable experience related to forced migration and durable solutions
  • Proven experience in similar assignments and in Somali
  • Good understanding of legal and socio-economic dynamics in the Horn of Africa
  • Good understanding of forced migration in East Africa
  • Excellent analytical and reporting skills
  • Fluency in written and spoken English
Terms and conditions
The consultant must be available to commence immediately and provide the final report within 40 days from the date of commencement. The consultant should adhere to the UNHCR coordinated security guidelines. DRC does not guarantee security of the consultant and will therefore not be liable for any eventuality. Nevertheless, any relevant security updates will be shared with the consultant when necessary. The consultant must abide by DRC security rules and directives
  • The consultant must complete work within the stipulated time frame
  • The consultant must operate within the budget allocated.
  • The consultant must adhere to and sign DRC’s Code of Conduct
Commitments: DRC has a Humanitarian Accountability Framework, outlining its global accountability commitments. All staff are required to contribute to the achievement of this framework. For general information about the Danish Refugee Council, please visit
Interested parties should forward the technical proposal, budget and work plan, on this link: under vacancies no later than 14th December 2016.
If you have questions or are facing problems with the online application process, please contact
[1] UNHCR Global appeal update 2011
[3] Page 8 of IASC Framework on Durable Solutions for Internally Displaced Persons specifically notes “…a long-term process of gradually diminishing displacement-specific needs, while ensuring that IDPs enjoy their rights without discrimination related to their displacement” and that ”a solution may become durable only years, or even decades, after the physical movement to the place of origin or place of Settlement has taken place, or the decision to locally integrate has been made.”
[4] Government responsibility/ Access for humanitarian and development initiatives and monitoring/ People’s rights, needs and interests are the primary concern/ Displacement affected communities’ Information, consultation and participation/ Respect for displaced communities’ options/ Prohibition of coercion/ Non-discrimination/ Support for host communities/ Continued protection.
How to apply:
Application Process
Interested applicants who meet the required profile and methodology are invited to submit an expression of interest including:
i. A suitability statement including CV of participating consultants with details of qualifications and experience.
ii. Technical proposal that summarizes understanding of the TOR, methodology and tools to be used.
iii. Work-plan clearly indicating the activity schedule.
iv. Financial proposal providing cost estimates and consultancy fees.
v. Contacts of three organizations that have recently contracted you to carry out similar assignment.
Interested parties should forward the technical proposal, budget and work plan, on this link: under vacancies no later than 14th December 2016.
If you have questions or are facing problems with the online application process, please contact

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